Trying to figure out the answer to this question is actually very simple to understand, because the Tanach is very thorough in its numbering. However, the Tanach rarely gives exact dates when things took place, like when a certain person was born, or when a certain king became king and when he died and the next ruler became king. The Tanach only gives precise dates like these about five times in this particular calculation. With that being said, we can only give an approximate time of how old the universe is. However, whatever the correct year is, it can not go beyond the year we provide with the added amount of calculations calculated below. There are only forty-six calculations below, therefore, the age of the earth can not exceed forty-six years beyond the age of the earth we provide. Therefore, if we are off [which I'm sure we are, if a prophet were to tell us], it will, nonetheless, not be off by too much.
Before we get started, however, one must understand a few things when understanding the ancient biblical culture and how the people of those days believed and how they viewed miracles and prophets. When a prophet displayed the awesome power of the God of Israel, this power was performed in order to show the people that he/she was representing the true God of Heaven and Earth and that the words he/she uttered were the very words that the God of Israel commanded him/her to speak unto the nation or its rulers. When Moses, Elijah, Isaiah or any other prophet said anything in His Holy Name, those words were viewed in those days to be from HaShem Himself. Thus, if Moses said that the heavens and earth were made in 6 normal days, you can take this to heart that it was absolutely true. These very reasons and examples are what set Israel apart from the nations around them; our prayers were answered and our prophets' predictions always came to pass.
In the process of time, however, when men ceased to keep the Torah as it is literally written, these same people never came to the level of righteousness that HaShem had demanded and/or commanded and so prophets couldn't be raised up. On the heels of this came the age of agnosticism, and then atheism. Furthermore, because of the very lack of holy and righteous men and women who could become prophets and who could display the mighty works of HaShem, many modern people have put their trust and knowledge in scientists and other atheists that say the heavens and the earth are billions of years old, instead of believing the ancient writings of the prophets of Israel that have been passed on to us. These same prophets were the ones who displayed the mighty works of HaShem that have long been forgotten by Israel and the rest of the world.
The reason I am saying this is because if you are going to do a study like this, you must also follow the thinking of the ancient people that put this Tanach together. A modern person may not follow this line of thinking, and often times doesn't.
The first six days of creation were literally 24 hours multiplied six times according to the ancients, for this is what the prophets said in the name of YHWH, Who does not lie. The prophets did not speak metaphorically as to mean 1 day equaled 1,000 years, as I have heard some people say; nor that the God of Israel made our current world from some former world that was destroyed at some time in the distant past; or from something else. Our universe was only made from scratch, and nothing else existed before this.
Now let us continue:
Adam and Eve were made in 4174 BCE [roughly]
1. Adam was 130 years old when he begat Seth, so the age of the earth was 130 y. old. 4044 BCE
2. Seth was 105 when he begat Enosh, so the age of the earth was 235 y. old 3939 BCE
3. Enosh was 90 when he begat Kenan, so the age of the earth was 325 y. old 3849 BCE
4. Kenan was 70 when he begat Mahalalel, so the age of the earth was 395 y. old 3779 BCE
5. Mahalalel was 65 when he begat Jared, so the age of the earth was 460 y. old 3714 BCE
6. Jared was 162 when he begat Enoch, so the age of the earth was 622 y. old 3552 BCE
7. Enoch was 65 when he begat Methuselah, so the age of the earth was 687 y. old 3487 BCE
8. Methuselah was 187 when he begat Lamech, so the age of the earth was 874 y. old 3300 BCE
9. Lamech was 182 when he begat Noah, so the age of the earth was 1056 y. old 3118 BCE
10. Noah was 503, not 500, when he begat Shem, so the age of the earth was 1559 y. old 2615 BCE
This is when the flood took place that wiped out all people and
civilizations 1656-57 y. old - approximately 2518-2517 BCE.
The reason why we must calculate that Noah was 503 and not 502 when
he had Shem is because of several passages.
"These are the generations of Shem. Shem was a hundred years old, and
begot Arpachshad two years after the flood," Gen 11:10.
And, "And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was
upon the earth. ," Gen 7:6.
However, he was on the ark for over a year.
11. Shem was 100 when he begat Arphaxad. so the age of the earth was 1659 y. old 2515 BCE
12. Arphaxad was 35 when he begat Shelah, so the age of the earth was 1694 y. old 2480 BCE
13. Shelah was 30 when he begat Eber, so the age of the earth was 1724 y. old 2450 BCE
14. Eber was 34 when he begat Peleg, so the age of the earth was 1758 y. old 2416 BCE
In Biblical Judaism, the naming of a child usually occurs right
at birth or during the wife's pregnancy. Isaac is an exception,
because Abraham "laughed" before Sarah was pregnant. He did
this because of what HaShem said regarding His promise to
Abraham, seeing that he was old. With that being said, the
earth was most likely "divided" or "shattered like pottery"
[which the scientific world calls "the Continental Drift"] while
Eber's wife was pregnant [Gen 10:25.]
Now, if you recall, the ancient people came from
"the east [Gen 11:2]," from the ark of Noah, and settled 'also'
in the land of Shinar [Footnote: current Babylonian ruins could
have been built upon the ruins of the original "Babel." I say this
because many ziggurats still exist in that area and the ziggurat
in Ur was fixed from a very poor condition by Nabonidus, the last
King of Babylon according to his cylinder found at Ur.
Even according to that cylinder, the ziggurat at Ur was
Eber is the patriarch of the Hebrews, because according to Biblical
Judaism the world only had one race and one language, and by the
context of Genesis 10, it had only one land mass as well. This notion
about one land mass even holds with the 12 cuneiform tablets of
ancient Assyria called the "Epics of Gilgamesh" [which might be,
copies or their spin of earlier Sumarian epics, stories and tablets.
Whatever that case is, they are all spin offs from true historical
Well, when the tower was being built in Shinar, HaShem trans-
formed the families of the one race into different races and they
were either given a new language or had to discover and invent a
whole new language on their own. It is here, apparently, that Eber
became the patriarch of the "Hebrew" race. Israelites are only a
single branch of the "Hebrew" family tree.
"Hebrews" in Hebrew is " עברי ," and Eber in Hebrew is "עבר." The
additional "yod" means "-ite," like Israel-ite or Moab-ite, so in reality
"Hebrews" would be more accurately translated as "Eber-ites." Or,
better yet, "Ever-ites," because in the Hebrew language this
particular name has a "V," not a "B."
15. Peleg was 30 when he begot Reu, so the age of the earth was 1788 y. old 2386 BCE
16. Reu was 32 when he begot Serug, so the age of the earth was 1820 y. old 2354 BCE
17. Serug was 30 when he begot Nahor, so the age of the earth was 1850 y. old 2324 BCE
18. Nahor was 29 when he begot Terah, so the age of the earth was 1879 y. old 2295 BCE
19. Terah was around 70 when he begot Abraham, so the age of the earth was 1949 y. old 2225 BCE
SEE NOTE *1 BELOW
It is here when Noah finally died, 350 years after the flood,
Abraham was approximately 57 years old at that time - according
to Gen 9:29 ...............................................................................................2006 y. old 2168 BCE
20. Abraham was 100 when he begat Isaac, so the age of the earth was 2049 y. old 2125 BCE
21. Isaac was 60 when he begat Jacob and Esau, so the age of the earth was 2109 y. old 2065 BCE
It is here that Shem, son of Noah, died.
Isaac was 110 and Jacob was 50 years old. Shem lived an additional 502
years after the flood - according Genesis 11:10-11. Keep in mind that the
flood was on the earth for over a year, not just 40 days.......................................2159 y. old 2015 BCE
22. Jacob was 130 when he entered Egypt, so the age of the earth was 1/15/2239 y. old 1935 BCE
23. Israel stayed in Egypt 430 years to the self same day they entered,
so the age of the earth was... 1/15/2669 y. old 1505 BCE
By using the date of #24 and subtracting the 4 years of Solomon and
the 40 years of King David's reign, David became King in Hebron in
24. From the exodus to when Solomon started building the temple
was 480 years, so the age of the earth was 2/??/3149 y. old 1025 BCE
25. Solomon reigned 36 more years, so the age of the earth was 3185 y. old 989 BCE
26. Rehoboam reigned after Solomon for 17 y., so the age of the earth was 3202 y. old 972 BCE
27. Next was King Abijah he reigned 3 y., so the age of the earth was 3205 y. old 969 BCE
28. Next was King Asa, he reigned 41 y., so the age of the earth was 3246 y. old 928 BCE
29. Next was King Jehoshaphat, he reigned 35 y., so the age of the earth was 3281 y. old 893 BCE
30. Next was King Jehoram, he reigned 8 y., so the age of the earth was 3289 y. old 885 BCE
31. Next was King Ahaziah, he reigned 1 y., so the age of the earth was 3290 y. old 885 BCE
32. Next was Queen Athaliah, she reigned 6 y., so the age of the earth was 3296 y. old 878 BCE
33. Next was King Joash, he reigned 40 y., so the age of the earth was 3336 y. old 838 BCE
34. Next was King Amaziah, he reigned 29 y., so the age of the earth was 3365 y. old 809 BCE
35. Next was King Uzziah (also Azariah), he reigned 52 years, so the
age of the earth was 3417 y. old 757 BCE
36. Next was King Jotham, he reigned 16 years, so the age of the earth was 3433 y. old 741 BCE
37. Next was King Ahaz, he reigned 16 years, so the age of the earth was 3449 y. old 725 BCE
38. Next was King Hezekiah, he reigned 29 years, so the age of the earth was 3478 y. old 696 BCE
39. Next was King Manasseh, he reigned 55 y., so the age of the earth was 3533 y. old 641 BCE
40. Next was King Amon, he reigned 2 y., so the age of the earth was 3535 y. old 639 BCE
41. Next was King Josiah, he reigned 31 y., so the age of the earth was 3566 y. old 608 BCE
42. Next was King Jehoahaz, he reigned 3 m., so the age of the earth was 3566 y. old 608 BCE
43. Next reigned King Jehoiakim, he reigned 11 y. so the age of the earth was 3577 y. old 597 BCE
44. Next reigned King Jehoiachin, he reigned 3 m., so the age of the earth was 3577 y. old 597 BCE
45. Next reigned King Zedekiah, he reigned 11 y., so the age of the earth was 3588 y. old 586 BCE
46. At the end of his reign the Babylonian king, King Nebuchadnezzar, came
and burned down the Temple that Solomon built, this was in 586 BCE.......
.....up to the present time, in the year 2009, there has been 2009+586 years,
since there is no year that equals 0000, thus 2594 years transpired,
so the age of the earth for the year 2009 starting at 3/27-3/28/2009 is: 6182+ y. old
The reason for the “+” sign is because the birthdays and exact dates are not given in the Tanach.
So, with that being said, the earth is (according to the Tanach, not reality) is at least this old up to about (6182 + 47 =) 6229 y. old.
Also, the reason I say 3/27-3/28/2009 is because the Jewish calendar always starts after the first new moon near or soon after the first day of Spring or the Spring Equinox. For it is written, “This month [shall be] unto you the beginning of months: it [shall be] the first month of the year to you (Ex 12:2).” And it is in this month that one celebrates Passover. The year does not begin in Fall as unholy "rabbinical" sages have mentioned and taught by misinterpreting the commandments of Succoth [Tabernacle Feast - Exodus 34:22.] Thus, Rosh Hashannah [the Jewish New Year] is in the Spring, not the Fall, according to the heavenly calendar.
In real Biblical Judaism there must not be a 'civil' calendar and a 'religious' calendar going on at the same time. There must only be one calendar according to the prophets who uttered the very words of HaShem - the Holy God of Israel, Whose name is Yehowah.
Note: *1 of #19 based on Christian Chronologies of the biblical dates.
When I came across other books and web sites dealing with the age of the earth, some authors had taken into
account the words of a certain martyr named Stephan. Stephan is mentioned in the "Book of Acts," this book is found in mainstream Christian bibles. In Acts 7:4 it says, "Then he went out from the land of the Chaldeans and lived in Haran. And after his father died, God removed him from there into this land in which you are now living [ESV]."
This account of our holy patriarch is absolutely false!
The reason so-called "Christians" believe in this notion is because they think that their "Bible" is without
error. The fact of the matter is that their bible is loaded with errors, fabrications and even some outright wicked teachings. Click here to see many of these errors.
In truth, the writings of Luke's accounts ["The Acts of the Apostles" and "The Gospel of Luke"] cannot be looked upon with any certain reliability. For his writings are chock full of errors, discrepancies and outright fabrications. With that being said, I would like to give some examples of what I mean:
Luke cannot even get his two accounts of Jesus' ascension inline with each other. I say this because in the "Gospel of Luke" he claims that Jesus "led" his disciples all the way to "Bethany" which is two long miles away from Jerusalem, and then he ascends to heaven on the same day of his resurrection or the next day [I say the next day because the timing of events are not logical, nor realistic]. Whereas, in Luke's other account, according to Acts 1, Jesus ascends from the Mt. of Olives which is only about 700 feet from the mount where the Holy Temple is located. Likewise, he claims this took place 40 long days after his crucifixion, not the same day of his resurrection. Now to throw something else into the mix, if you compare Luke's writings to the "Gospel of John" Jesus ascended to heaven on the very day of his resurrection, in the morning, right after talking to Mary Magdalene, right outside of his burial plot (John 20:17).
The Gospel of Matthew leads you to believe that Jesus ascended to heaven from some mountain in Galilee, because this is where the Gospel of Matthew stops its narrative.
Then when we come to the "Gospel of Mark" it says that Jesus ascended to heaven from within Jerusalem after appearing and talking to his disciples on the same day of his resurrection. So here you have 4 to 5 different locations of "where" Jesus ascended into heaven and Luke cannot even get his story straight of "where" that might be.
Now, regardless of all these discrepancies, keep in mind that Luke does write at the beginning of his gospel that he did not witness a single thing surrounding Jesus. In fact, if you were to read Acts very carefully, we see that the unknown author ["Luke"] finally becomes a "witness" to the events he is writing about in Act 16:10 when we see the narrative of the "Book of Acts" change from "they went" to "we went." Likewise, according to Luke's account in Acts 21:16-17 we see that this is the fifth time Paul enters into Jerusalem by some "Revelation" of needing to go there. There are only 5 occasions in the "Book of Acts" that Paul goes to Jerusalem. Yet, according to Paul himself in his own epistle to the "Galatians [Chapters 1 -2 ]," he states that he only went to Jerusalem twice before penning this particular epistle and that this second occasion was by a "revelation" of needing to go there. Paul's second visitation to Jerusalem equals that of Acts 21 [the fifth time in Acts], which Luke was a witness of. Thus, we have several discrepancies or errors with Luke's narrative when compared to the Torah, even his own writings and with the writings of Paul and other gospels.
Again, in the "Gospel of Luke," Luke has Jesus sinning against the Torah by saying to his disciples on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread [the night of the 15th of Aviv when the Pesach offering is actually eaten] to "go and sell" something and "buy" a sword [Luke 22:36.] This is illegal for a torah observant person to do on any holy day in which "servile work" is not allowed, let alone for the moshiach of Israel to do such a thing [who must be the crown jewel of all those that practice the Torah]. For the Torah states, "you must not do any servile work" on these days [Lev 23:7]; which includes all manner of business on these days [Nehemiah 10:31]. Now if we compare Luke's writings with the "Gospel of John," we find even greater errors. The "Gospel of John" is the only apparent gospel that is actually based on some sermon or "witnessing" letter of some unknown minister that claimed to use the writings of one of the apostles, though that particular apostle was not named by name [John 21:24-25], nor is the author of this "gospel" named. Nonetheless, the "Gospel of John" says that Jesus' last supper was a regular meal [not the Passover meal] held during the night of 1/14 and that he was crucified the next day, on the 14th of Abib [Aviv] mere hours before the Passover offering was to be offered [John 18:28]. For any "Christian" reader that might be reading this article, you must understand that the Jewish "24 hour day" starts at sunset.
To add to "Luke's" problems:
Luke gives a huge fabricated account of the "virgin birth" of Jesus; whereas, according to prophecies of Judaism found in the Tanach and the personal promises given to our ancestors, the moshiach must be born from their physical seed through natural intercourse. Not only does Luke fabricate this story, but his story is radically different from the fabricated narrative of Matthew (don't take my word for it, but read the two stories yourself and compare where Joseph and Mary came from and where they went to immediately after Jesus' birth).
So, let me get back on track:
Our current Torah came into existence long before the birth of Stephan, as did also the Greek translation of the Tanach called the Septuagint. The Septuagint was translated into Greek around 285 BCE. Even in the Septuagint, Genesis says that Terah lived to be 205 years old and that after Terah was 70 years old he begot Abram. Likewise, it says that when Abram was 75 years old, HaShem told Abram to "Get thee out of thy... ...father's house." Meaning: Terah was still alive and that Abram was staying with Terah at the time when HaShem told him to leave and when he did leave.
In the account of Genesis - which overrides Stephan's words, Terah was right at 70 years old when he had Abram or exactly at 70 years old. I say, "right at" because our Jewish narrator is giving a rounded off numbers to point to all three of Terah's sons. If we were to use Stephan's words, Terah would have to be 130 years old when he begot Abram. Because:
Terah died at 205 years old.................................................................................................... 205
and Abram left Haran at age 75 [after Terah's death, according to Luke or Stephan] ......... -75
which would make Terah 130 at the time of Abram's birth......................................................130
Another, point I can make is the fact that the author or Jewish narrator of Genesis is only concerned with the genealogy and roots of the Israelites, not all of the "Hebrews." So, to use "Get thee out of thy... ...father's house" again, in order to show that Terah was alive at the time of Abram's departure, let's look at the wording of Jacob's vow to HaShem in Genesis 28. Jacob's words should counter Stephan even further because when Jacob says these words, we know full well that Isaac is alive. In Genesis 28:20-22 this is what it says, "And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, So that I come again to my father's house in peace; then shall the LORD be my God: And this stone, which I have set [for] a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee." At this exact time, we do not exactly know how old Jacob was. That is determined later on by the things that the narrator points out.
According to our Jewish narrator of Genesis he boldly points out that Jacob works seven years for Rachel, but gets Leah instead. So, for another 7 years he works off his time for Rachel, whom he marries at the beginning of the second set of 7 years; whereas, he gained Leah at the end of the first set of seven years. This would make it a total of 14 years so far. When he is done working off his dowry for Rachel, he wanted to work another seven years for some livestock, but apparently only works for 6 years, unless he is simply rounding things off [Gen 31:41]. This would mean that Jacob stayed with Laban a total of 20-21 years. Thus, after 20-21 long years of being away from home Jacob returns to Isaac's house with one wife [Rachel died on the way back], two concubines, 13 listed children, and tons of livestock and riches [Genesis 35:27].
Furthermore, when our Jewish narrator of Genesis says that HaShem told Abraham to get thee out of "your father's house," it is very clear that Terah was still alive, which contradicts the words of Stephan. The book of Acts is very unreliable when it comes to historical facts and should NEVER be used when trying to figure out the "age of the universe" according to the Tanach's chronology.
I would like to reiterate what I said earlier, Luke did not become an eyewitness to any event of Acts until Acts 16:10; thus, he never saw, nor heard the literal words of Stephan. All that he wrote of him is based on "hear say" and possibly what Paul passed on to him years later when he [Paul] was recounting the events of how he participated in putting Stephan to death. Yet, even after Paul might have said such things to "Luke," "Luke" did not write them down until years later. For the book of Acts does not end at Stephan's death, but when Paul was a prisoner in Italy awaiting trial before Caesar, which was probably around the year 61c.e. What is my point? My point is this, the same Torah we have today is the same Torah Stephan had. Again, in our holy Torah it says that Terah was still alive when Abram left Haran, not that he left Haran after Terah died. In truth, the whole entire quote Luke gives of Stephan has many errors in regards to the facts of the Tanach.