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When was Yom Kippur invented? A hard study into the biblical texts.....
8/14/2011 by Maregaal Yaakov


In Leviticus 16:29 & 23:27 and Numbers 29:7, it is vividly clear that Moshe “seems” to set up “Yom Kippur” in the Torah.  

However, if we read the rest of the Tanach and do not take the “Torah” with blind faith to be 100% reliable, we see something dramatically at odds with the “Torah’s” account of Yom Kippur.  

What is the problem?

According to First Samuel, the Ark goes into the hands of the Philistines during a awful war. However, after a short period of time the Philistines sent it back to the Israelites. 

After this point is where we get into problems….

The people of Israel did not put the Ark back into the Tabernacle, but into a person’s house named Abinadab (1 Sam 7:1). It apparently remained there from the time Samuel was a boy to the time David was King in Jerusalem. It was in this person’s house, for several decades (2 Sam 6:3). After David tries to move the ark from Abinadab’s house to the City of David, his friend Uzzah got cursed and died. David was afraid to bring the ark to the City of David and instead moved the Ark to Obededom’s house (2 Sam 6:10) for three months. Eventually, however the Ark was taken out of Obededom’s house and brought to Zion, to the new tent (not the tabernacle) that David had made for it. The Tabernacle remained somewhere else, probably at Gibeon (1 Kings 2:28-29, 3:4.) 

The Ark remained separated from the Tabernacle from the time that Samuel was a young man / boy to the time Solomon actually built the Temple. Therefore……..

The question is:

If David was righteous and the priests were righteous, then how in the world can the High Priest perform Yom Kippur if the Ark is not in the Tabernacle, especially when blood must be sprinkled towards it several times?

It seems, therefore, that the existence of Yom Kippur came after the sanctification of the Temple, not with the Tabernacle. 

These are the things we at www.ancientjudaism.org are trying to figure out. 

Give me your thoughts….

I passed this by our local Rabbi and he was shocked by what I said, because all that I said was purely biblical. 

Maregaal 
8/14/2011
​*********************************************************


MORE CLARIFICATION...
​posted 10/4/2014, after shabat

"28 At that time, when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshing-floor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there. 29 For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt-offering, were at that time in the high place at Gibeon. 30 But David could not go before it to inquire of God; for he was terrified because of the sword of the angel of the LORD," 1 Chron 21. 
--------------------------

1 Chron 15
1 And [David] made him houses in the city of David; and he prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched for it a tent. 

3 And David assembled all Israel at Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the LORD unto its place, which he had prepared for it. 

25 So David, and the elders of Israel, and the captains over thousands, went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the house of Obed-edom with joy.

29 And it came to pass, as the ark of the covenant of the LORD came to the city of David...

1 Chron 16
1 And they brought in the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it, and they offered burnt-offerings and peace-offerings before God. 

37 So he left there, before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, Asaph and his brethren, to minister before the ark continually, as every day's work required; 38 and Obed-edom with their brethren, threescore and eight; {S} Obed-edom also the son of Jedithun and Hosah to be door-keepers; 39 and Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that was at Gibeon, 40 to offer burnt-offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of burnt-offering continually morning and evening, even according to all that is written in the Law of the LORD, which He commanded unto Israel," 1 Chron 16

So IF IF IF we see that the daily offerings are being kept according to "the law," then how in the world can you observe Yom Kippur, when the blood of the same animals must be sprinkled on the altar AND the mercy seat in the holy of holies just minutes apart according to Lev 16? 

This should tell everyone that Yom Kippur did not exist yet. 

For WHY would all these righteous people not "carry out" the "law of Moses" as they do with the daily burnt offerings? 

Makes no sense.... thus it seems pretty clear that Yom Kippur never existed at that time, but that it came later as a superstition to purify themselves before the great Harvest festival (later to be called the "Tabernacle Feast").


MORE CLARIFICATION...

​Nehemiah 8
1 all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the broad place that was before the water gate; and they spoke unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the Law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel. 
2 And Ezra the priest brought the Law before the congregation, both men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month
3 And he read therein before the broad place that was before the water gate from early morning until midday, in the presence of the men and the women, and of those that could understand; and the ears of all the people were attentive unto the book of the Law. 
8 And they read in the book, in the Law of God, distinctly; and they gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading. 
9 And Nehemiah, who was the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people: 'This day is holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep.' For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the Law. 

10 Then he said unto them: 'Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto him for whom nothing is prepared; for this day is holy unto our Lord; neither be ye grieved; for the joy of the LORD is your strength.'
11 So the Levites stilled all the people, saying: 'Hold your peace, for the day is holy; neither be ye grieved.'
12 And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them. 

13 And on the second day were gathered together the heads of fathers' houses of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, unto Ezra the scribe, even to give attention to the words of the Law. 
14 And they found written in the Law, how that the LORD had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month
15 and that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying: 'Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and branches of wild olive, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written.' 
16 So the people went forth, and brought them, and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the broad place of the water gate, and in the broad place of the gate of Ephraim. 
17 And all the congregation of them that were come back out of the captivity made booths, and dwelt in the booths; for since the days of Joshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness. 
18 Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the Law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the ordinance.

NOW LOOK AT THIS..... in the next chapter of Nehemiah

1 Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackcloth, and earth upon them. 
2 And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all foreigners, and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers. 
and..... one BIG Repentance confession for the rest of the chapter... as some forerunner to a future "Yom Kippur."


MORE CLARIFICATION FROM EZEKIEL...


If Yom Kippur was a law, then why doesn't Ezekiel mention it? Especially when Yom Kippur was a day when several animals were sacrificed to make atonement for the tabernacle (and not just for the people), and later the Temple, for an entire year? Yet, Ezekiel does not mention it, but some NEW idea that complete atonement for the sanctuary should be made in the order of two separate days of the first month... 

"18 Thus saith the Lord GOD: In the first month, in the first day of the month, thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish; and thou shalt purify the sanctuary. 19 And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin-offering, and put it upon the door-posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court. 20 And so thou shalt do on the seventh day of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is simple; so shall ye make atonement for the house," Ezekiel 45:18-20.

------------------------------------

Yom Kippur is "MAN MADE" some time after the Babylonian exile, some time after Ezra who lived around 480 BCE. 

This tells you...
If Yom Kippur is in the "current Torah," this tells you that the "current Torah" was penned by several authors after Ezra of 480 BCE and before the Greek Septuagint was made in 285 BCE. 



I hope this helps...
Maregaal

Nothing but superstitions. 













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This day of the 24th of the seventh month mimics what Yom Kippur became later on... on the 10th. However, this was not commanded in the law. Likewise, there is no mrention of it in the law when Ezra is reading it, but only speaks of the Tabernacle Feast.
Here we see, by the context, that there is no mention of a day of fasting and repentance held of the 10th of the seventh month, but skips to the 15th of the month concerning the Feast of Tabernacles. 
Two points to be made here.... 
1) Did the real "law" actually say that the Ark "had to be" in the 
    Tabernacle based on the fact that the ark was not in the 
    Tabernacle for about 80 years? 

     "And thou shalt hang up the veil under the clasps, and shalt bring in 
     thither within the veil the ark of the testimony; and the veil shall 
     divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy," Exodus
     26:33.

     Again, what is going on in the days of Josiah?
     "And he (Josiah) said unto the Levites that taught all Israel, that were 
     holy unto the LORD: 'Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon 
     the son of David king of Israel did build; there shall no more be a 
     burden upon your shoulders; now serve the LORD your God, and His 
     people Israel," 2 Chron 35:3

2) If they were sooo concerned about keeping the "Law" then it would seem that there was not a law about "covering" the ark so that people would not see it; nor about Yom Kippur, because the ark remained away from the Tabernacle for about 80 years. Pretty hard to sprinkle blood on the mercy seat when the ark is not even in the Tabernacle. So if they are soooo concerned about keeping the law "of God," then the ark "always" must be in the holy of holies.  

"4 This is the service of the sons of Kohath in the tent of meeting, about the most holy things: 5 when the camp setteth forward, Aaron shall go in, and his sons, and they shall take down the veil of the screen, and cover the ark of the testimony with it," Num 4.

"17 And the LORD spoke unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying: 18 'Cut ye not off the tribe of the families of the Kohathites from among the Levites; 19 but thus do unto them, that they may live, and not die, when they approach unto the most holy things: Aaron and his sons shall go in, and appoint them every one to his service and to his burden; 20 but they shall not go in to see the holy things as they are being covered, lest they die," Num 4. 
Newly updated on 10/4/2014, after the Shabat.